Comparing Adjectives

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Adjektive beschreiben die Eigenschaften von Nomen. Man kann mehrere Personen oder Gegenstände anhand ihrer Eigenschaften vergleichen.

The cat is smaller than the dog.

"My dog is nicer than yours!"

"My dog is the nicest of all pets!"

"My dog is more interesting than fish in an aquarium."

"Fish are less complicated than dogs or cats."


Inhaltsverzeichnis

Bildung

Die Steigerung von Adjektiven ist relativ einfach.

Kurze Adjektive (einsilbig und auf -y, -er endend) werden mit -er und -est gesteigert.

Bei längeren Adjektiven wird more und most vorgestellt.

ein- / zweisilbige Adjektive

Positiv Komparativ Superlativ
cold colder (the) coldest
crazy crazier (the) craziest
big bigger (the) biggest

Adjektive, die einsilbig sind oder auf –y enden, werden ähnlich wie im Deutschen durch Anhängen von –er und –est gesteigert.

a. Ist der letzte Buchstabe ein Konsonant, wird er verdoppelt.

b. Ist der letzte Buchstabe ein -y, wird die Endung zu ier bzw. iest!


mehrsilbige Adjektive

Längere Adjektive werden durch das Voranstellen von more und most gesteigert.

Positiv Komparativ Superlativ
excited more excited (the) most excited
useful more useful (the) most useful
interesting more interesting (the) most interesting
important less important (the) least important


Ausnahmen

Manche Adjektive werden beim Steigern durch andere (Adjektiv-) formen ersetzt.

Positiv Komparativ Superlativ
good better (the) best
bad worse (the) worst
little (wenig) less (the) least
much / many more (the) most
far farther / further farthest / furthest

Vergleiche

Die Grundform eines Adjektivs wird Positiv genannt. Sie dient für Vergleiche, wenn etwas gleichgroß oder nicht größer ist:

The boy is as tall as his brother.

The boy isn't as tall as his father.

as … as


Der Komparativ wird zum direkten Vergleich verwendet:

The boy is smaller than his father.

The book is more exciting than the film.


Der Superlativ ist der höchste Steigerungsgrad der Eigenschaftswörter.

This is the most interesting film.

This is the funniest film.

Interaktive Übungen

simple & short adjectives

1. Put in the adjectives in the correct form.

Which is the smallest? It's the mouse. The lion is smaller than the elephant, but not as small as the mouse.

You can also say: The mouse is not as big as the elephant. The lion is bigger than the mouse, but the elephant is the biggest of all the animals.

I think animals are nice. Mice are nice but not as nice as ponies. Little pink pigs are nicer than mice.

Ponies are the nicest animals I can think of.

2. Put in the correct adjectives.

This is Herb, the happy (happy) hippo.

Ed, the elephant, is not as happy (happy) as the hippo.

The hippo is the happiest (happy) of all animals.

An elephant is bigger (big) than a hippo  but it isn’t the biggest (big) animal.

It isn’t as big (big) as a whale which is the biggest(big) animal of the world.

3. Put in the correct adjectives. Use also “as … as”, “ … than” or “the … ”.

A whale can stay under the water for longer (long) than two hours.

The biggest whales eat only small (small) fish and plankton.

A man would be too big (big) for them to eat.

Orcas aren't as big as (big ) whales but they are faster(fast). They can swim faster than (fast) 56 kilometres per hour.

But a swordfish is much faster than(fast) orcas with speeds up to 80 kph.

A cheetah can run faster than (fast) 120 kilometres per hour. But he can’t run for very long(long) . After 500 metres it will be tired whereas (wogegen) a man can run much longer than (long) this cat. The longest (long) runs are 100 km without stopping.

Ausnahmen (good, better, the best)

Put the adjectives into the gaps:

Which dog do you like better than the others? Which do you like best of all?

Dave the Great Dane is a good guardian but if want a dog who looks after your house Billy the Beagle will be better!

Pauline, the Poodle, won the best price at a pet competition.

Write the adjectives into the gaps:

Ralph the Raven always thinks he's the best () of all birds.

I like Pitt the pigeon better () than the other birds, but she can't speak as well as the other birds.

Everyone knows about speaking parrots but a Raven is as good as () a parrot in learning to speak.

Siehe auch