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ZitatAnfang.gif A novel (from French nouvelle, "new") is an extended fictional narrative in prose. Down into the 18th century, the word referred specifically to short fictions of love and intrigue as opposed to romances — epic-length works about love and adventures. Having become one of the major literary genres over the past 200 years the novel is today the object of discussions demanding artistic merits, a specific literary style and a deeper meaning than a true story of the same content could claim to have. ZitatEnde.gif

Aus: W-Logo.gif Novel, 10/02/2006 - Die Inhalte der Wikipedia unterliegen der GNU-Lizenz für freie Dokumentation.




ZitatAnfang.gif According to Aristotle's Poetics, a plot in literature is "the arrangement of incidents" that (ideally) each follow plausibly from the other. The plot is like the pencil outline that guides the painter's brush. An example of the type of plot which follows these sorts of lines is the linear plot of development to be discerned within the pages of a bildungsroman novel. Aristotle notes that a string of unconnected speeches, no matter how well-executed, will not have as much emotional impact as a series of tightly connected speeches delivered by imperfect speakers. ZitatEnde.gif

Aus: W-Logo.gif Plot, 10/02/2006 - Die Inhalte der Wikipedia unterliegen der GNU-Lizenz für freie Dokumentation.

  • conflict (physical, intellectual, moral, or emotional)
  • chance/coincidence
  • introduction/complication or conflict/climax/resolution (denouement)


"Plot is what happens in a story, and structure is the order in which the novel presents the plot." (, 10/02/2006)

  • in medias res, frame, story within the story
  • flashbacks/foreshadowing
  • divisions/separations

Point of view

  • first-person narrator/third-person narrator
  • omniscient (all-knowing)/limited narrator


  • mimetic/symbolic


  • time of setting/time of writing
  • chronological


  • specific real place/fictional place/general place


  • protagonist/antagonist/minor (peripheral) characters
  • is the narrator a character?
  • complex/simple (round/flat)
  • multifaceted/one dimensional
  • change of characters

Types of characterization

  • physical description
  • dialogue
  • physical actions
  • thoughts, inner life
  • judgement by others
  • the narrator's judgement
  • the author's judgement


  • Irony
  • formal/informal/slangy tone
  • sound/rhythm
  • literal/figurative
  • abstract/concrete


  • Topic (theme) - Comment (rheme) - Analysis
    • What is said and what is meant?


  • Victorianweb
    "How to read a novel - Some place to begin" by George P. Landow, Shaw Professor of English and Digital Culture, National University of Singapore, and Professor of English and Art History, Brown University

Siehe auch